How to create a Systemd service in Linux

28th January, 2020

At times you create a script and then you want to have the scripts controlled by systemd or in some cases you wish to have the scripts getting restarted by itself when it is killed due to some reason. In such cases systemd in Linux helps to configure services which can be managed. To do so follow the following steps.

  1. cd /etc/systemd/system
  2. Create a file named your-service.service and include the following:

    [Unit]
    Description=<description about this service>
    
    [Service]
    User=<user e.g. root>
    WorkingDirectory=<directory_of_script e.g. /root>
    ExecStart=<script which needs to be executed>
    Restart=always
    
    [Install]
    WantedBy=multi-user.target

     

  3. Reload the service files to include the new service.
    sudo systemctl daemon-reload


  4. Start your service
    sudo systemctl start your-service.service

  5. To check the status of your service
    sudo systemctl status example.service


    That's it !